A team of German and Swedish scientists investigating the different States of water, used in their experiments, an unusual instrument – a laser is a coherent light source. This x-ray laser, the most powerful in the world. The device generates very short bursts of radiation with a monstrous release of energy causing matter to behave differently than we used to.

In experiments with water scientists just “boiled” it for 75 femtoseconds, having during this miserable period of time to heat it up to 100000 °C. And given a new, obscure form of matter, which is called “water plasma”. She “liquid plasma” as in the apparent properties of the plasma near the object was recorded, and signs of fluid.

In conventional heating the liquid molecules are gaining energy and begins to oscillate, but the irradiation of x-ray laser of them literally knocked electrons. All molecular bonds were instantly destroyed, the atoms became ionized Wednesday and was supposed to be a plasma. However, due to the incredibly high speed of the process they do not have time to scatter and the density of substance remains the same as that of liquid water.

And if so, what are the parameters of thermal conductivity, heat capacity, conductivity will have this form of matter? Researchers have found she has similar traits with the substance in the gas giant Jupiter, but basically this is Terra Incognita and the experiments will continue. In parallel, the study undergoes and the x-ray laser, which I hope to continue to use to get different types of particles and matter.
Source — DESY