Frankfurt, April 5, 2020

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The people of Berlin keep social distance in line for ice cream, March 27, 2020

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Berlin, 31 Mar 2020

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Empty terminal 1 at Frankfurt airport, 7th of April 2020

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Strategy against the global pandemic of SARS-CoV-2 is almost worldwide, with the exception of Sweden and some other countries, reduced to approximately the same measures: the closure of borders, schools, cafes, restaurants and all public places, cancellation of mass events, the introduction of isolation or quarantine and other restrictions. But success in combating coronavirus infection all. And different measures to support economic stability.

Among all European countries is better in condition pandemic is valid in Germany, showed the results of a study conducted by the Fund’s experts Deep Knowledge Group (DKG) from London. Germany ranked second after Israel in the world ranking to the security of States in a pandemic. This top-40 did not hit Russia, USA, UK, Italy and Spain. All of these countries, on the contrary, entered the top-20 countries that are most “coronavirus risks.”

In Germany, despite the 137 thousand cases, a very large supply of intensive care beds, enough nurses. She has the ability to produce medical equipment and drugs inside the country, that is, the Germans themselves can solve these problems even if you find yourself in complete isolation. The authorities, both at Federal and regional levels, to cope with crisis situations. In Germany, the largest number recovered (81800), not so many deaths from coronavirus infections (4052 people) and most of all tested (not counting USA) – 1.73 million people.

By 16 April the coefficient of infection with the coronavirus, which is denoted as “R” in Germany was less than one – According to the Institute, on Wednesday, the figure was 0.7. This means that one carrier of a virus on average infects less than one person. Thus, the number of infected decreases.

As Germany was not only the only European country in the top ten coronavirus security, but also one of the world leaders in crisis management?

Three reasons why there are relatively few deaths from coronavirus
“Gamelittle miracle”: in Germany, too, seek and develop herd immunity

Germany not only successfully experienced an epidemic, but restarts the economy and prevent its collapse. This is due to unprecedented financial assistance – crisis package approved by the government in late March, provides funding for various measures in the amount of 156 billion euros. Only to support self-employed people in Germany has allocated 50 billion euros. The Foundation of economic stability with a volume of 600 billion euros gives business loan guarantee 400 billion euros. Another 100 billion euros allocated to enterprises on the verge of bankruptcy. Another 100 billion euros , the program of development.

National health system of Germany has proven its effectiveness. Thanks to the actions of the government, the country is at a level of economic stability. Although quarantine measures there will continue until 4 may, but stores are allowed to open. And from early may will open schools, universities, hair salons. The government has announced that it will soon move to the “slight and gradual easing measures while maintaining measures to combat the pandemic”.

Also, do not forget about the discipline of the population, comply with all regulations of the government and the Ministry of health.

As a result, 64% of Germans said they were satisfied with the actions of German Chancellor Angela Merkel (the highest figure for the whole of her fourth term) and the actions of its government.

Three reasons why Germany has relatively few deaths from coronavirus

10 days ago The New York Times published an article under the title “German exception”, which is actively discussed in the Russian media and in social networks. A week passed, and at the moment almost all the comparisons presented in that article are saved.

In the neighboring Netherlands, where the population is 17 million, died 3315 people – approximately the same as in Germany (4052 deaths). And in Belgium, with a population of 11.5 million died 4857 people. And this despite the fact that in Germany the population is much more than 83 million inhabitants. In Italy 169 000 officially infected – 22 170 deaths in Spain 185 000 – 19 315 in France, with almost 165 thousand cases of infection the number of deaths amounted to 17 920. In the last days in the US during the day began to die about 2,500 people (1.5 days will be enough to completely block the mortality statistics in Germany).

Such a large number of infected (137 thousand) and the comparative small number of deaths (4052) in Berlin explain in full openness of all the numbers – the statistics are published and regional authorities, and in the center it only generalize. No one underestimates. So the explanation about some kind of concealment can be safely deleted.

According to Deutsche Welle, such a low mortality from COVID-19 due to three key factors, one of which the Germans just got lucky: this is the specific spread of the virus, the level of the German health care system and discipline of the population.

1. The specificity lies in the fact that “it all started as an epidemic among skiers,” says Professor Hans-Georg Krausslich, who heads the Department of Virology at the Heidelberg University clinic. According to the Institute Robert Koch (RKI), as the coordinating government agencies fighting the epidemic, in Germany the absolute majority of cases COVID-19 (70%) 15 to 59 years, the average age of those infected – 49 years. Thus, to take drastic quarantine and restrictive measures, the virus mostly young people and middle-aged people with stronger immune system than older. It was vacationers from bars and discos in the Italian and Austrian ski resorts (a typical example is the ski resort of Ischgl), which on return has infected the people of his circle.

2. The health care system, which is considered one of the best in the world, had time to prepare for combat COVID-19. The hospital has freed up additional beds for the reception of infected persons, made up extra work schedules and duty of the doctors and nurses, to the extent possible, stocked up is becoming more and more scarce masks, protective suits and medical supplies. The Ministry of health of Germany on 12 March ordered 10,000 machines for artificial lung ventilation (ALV) in addition to those already existing in Germany 25 000 machines. Therefore, in Germany hope that the German doctors, unlike their European counterparts, do not have to make decisions who to give patients a ventilator, and whom to condemn to death. At the moment across the country free of about 10,000 beds in intensive care units. Therefore, the German clinics take on the treatment of hundreds of patients with COVID-19 from France, Italy and the Netherlands.

3. Disciplined Germans clearly comply with the orders of the government and regulations of the Ministry of health of Germany. In virtually all publications about the reasons for the low mortality in the country from SARS-CoV-2 indicates that in Germany the population is actively tested for virus. Today in Germany, held the largest on the continent testing – about 1.73 million tests. But, most importantly, six of the seven cases treated on an outpatient basis. That is, receiving treatment at home patients to responsibly fulfill all the requirements for isolation, do not violate quarantine measures, and thus help others and the entire health care system.

“Gamelittle miracle”: in Germany, too, seek and develop herd immunity

In Germany now trying to figure out at least roughly, what percentage of Germany’s population had asymptomatic coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 without knowing it.

In early April, scientists and students of the University of Munich with the support of the police began to study in Munich. The people of the city voluntarily offer to donate blood to find out whether they have antibodies to COVID-19. Until the end of April should be collected first 4,5 thousand tests.

Test randomly selected addresses computer generated. This should ensure the representativeness of the study, the purpose of which is to find out what percentage of those who have been ill without knowing it, and learn to what extent in Munich formed the collective immunity. It is called population immunity, the immunity of the crowd, the herd immunity is the effect of the resistance of infection in the community, part of which have to do with the virus personal immunity. But, unlike Sweden, Germany has not sought to develop this herd immunity by passive waiting, when most of the population have been ill.

A study in Munich is designed for the year, participating residents will meet regularly every two to four weeks to take blood and interviews. As a result, scientists expect to better understand the nature and characteristics of the spread of the virus.

A similar collection of data held in other regions of the country where the outbreak had a different specificity, writes Deutsche Welle.

For example, in the town of Gangelt, in the district of Heinsberg in the Federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, a similar study began on March 31. There is a development pandemic began approximately three weeks earlier than in other parts of Germany. It is proved that many were caught on February 15 at the evening carnival event attended by approximately 300 people. Only in the district of Heinsberg, which German media called “Wuhan German”, the infection was recorded in 1.4 thousand people from 42 per thousand of the population, about 50 people have died.

Scientists at the Institute of Virology and HIV research of the medical faculty of the University of Bonn took a blood test, swab from the nasopharynx and interview 1000 people Gangelt on a representative sample. The head of the Institute Professor Hendrik Streeck hopes to publish initial findings. But it is now clear that about 15% of the population Angelita had asymptomatic coronavirus, has acquired a collective immunity to it and it successfully kept.

The majority of the infected people did not come to the hospital, they had no symptoms, and if universal testing is not carried out, about what happened no one would know.